Complete Streets are roadways that can be safely accessed, crossed, traveled upon and alongside by all people regardless of their age, ability or travel mode. A connected network of Complete Streets will ensure healthier, more equitable transportation options and an improved quality of life for all community residents, including children, seniors, people with disabilities and people facing economic hardship. The Complete Streets approach to design is neither novel nor untested; transportation professionals know how to build great streets, and there are many examples of Complete Streets in communities nationwide. This manual brings together the principles of Complete Streets to provide solid guidance for design implementation in the City of Memphis. The manual is organized into five chapters: Basis, Toolbox, Geometrics, Amenities, and Processes.
CHAPTER 1: BASIS / COMPLETE DESIGN PROCESSES AND POLICIES
This chapter provides the philosophical basis for taking a complete approach to roadway design. This approach asks designers to consider the safety and travel priorities of multiple modes, to examine the context of a complete network of origins and destinations, and to reestablish people and places as the primary objectives of transportation investments. The chapter provides definitions and background information on Complete Streets, presents supportive information, outlines some new principles to consider in roadway design, and offers insights to help coordinate newer design objectives within traditional transportation design constraints.
CHAPTER 2: TOOLBOX / DESIGNING A COMPLETE STREET
This chapter contains resources and methodology for planning and prioritizing the right-of-way as a system of interconnected corridors, and the application of corridor typologies to the roadway network. Also included are Memphis’ default order of considerations for travel modes, coordination with land uses as defined in the Unified Development Code, and community standards for transportation facility characteristics.
CHAPTER 3: GEOMETRICS / COMPONENTS FOR ASSEMBLING COMPLETE STREETS
This chapter provides descriptions and resources for defining the components of the right-of-way. The chapter establishes definitions for bicycle, pedestrian, and transit ways. An additional section is included to describe intersection treatments.
CHAPTER 4: AMENITIES / COMPONENTS FOR POPULATING COMPLETE STREETS
This chapter contains descriptions and resources for selecting the lighting, green infrastructure, furnishings, wayfinding, identity features, textures, and markings that are essential to a complete network. Furnishing elements include benches, refuse receptacles, transit shelters, and bicycle parking. Wayfinding features include signs for the bicycle, transit, motor vehicle and pedestrian networks. Identity features include special consideration for districts and places, as well as special pedestrian and bicycle amenities. Textures and markings include a description of select materials and appropriate applications.
CHAPTER 5: PROCESSES / IMPLEMENTING THE COMPLETE STREETS NETWORK
This chapter features a series of checklists for project managers to use in the six stages of project delivery: Selection, Scoping, Design, Construction, Measurement, and Maintenance. Using the workbook will ensure that community goals and considerations for multiple modes are applied to project-level decisions in a measurable way. The workbook also serves to boost inter-agency coordination city-wide, and to document justifications for decisions that impact the public right-of-way.